Of course, empires rarely exist in a vacuum, and for many years the Soviet bloc opposed the US empire of freedom, and western values generally agreed that individual liberty and progressive liberalism were a better set of ideas than totalitarian authoritarianism. Today, you’ve got 3 main Star Wars Stormtrooper And Darth Vader Selfie Disney Shirt ideological influence blocs emerging in the world, which would be most easily summed up as the China bloc – which remains a totalitarian authoritarian ideological bloc, the Islamist bloc (this is NOT an Arab bloc and is not a Muslim bloc, please lets be clear about that) dominated by the Qatar/Saudi or Turkish/Iranian influence which tends towards theocratic dictatorship, and the Western bloc which for 100 years now has been led by the US and represents an ideology of liberal democracy. To a lesser extent you do still have a Soviet bloc – but it’s an influence is relatively tame right now and it tends to be trying to take some influence from both the Chinese and Islamic blocs. Those countries are locked in some form of debt trap regardless of where the wealth is coming from. The general question really is this: Assuming that not all nations are equal and developing and poor nations are going to be dependent on “patron states” to help them progress… Those countries are locked in some form of debt trap regardless of where the wealth is coming from.